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Indian Aviation : Turmoil to Transformation

This article explores financial challenges and funds infusion in airlines, grounded plane issues (P&W engines), the emergence of new players, and future prospects for Indian airlines.

Kashish Haswani
New Update

Indian Aviation Sector

The Indian aviation sector has been buzzing with recent developments that have reshaped the industry and laid the groundwork for its future. From the financial challenges faced by Go First to the infusion of funds in Alliance Air, and the issues surrounding grounded planes and problematic Pratt & Whitney (P&W) engines, the aviation landscape in India has witnessed both turmoil and potential opportunities. Alongside these events, new players like Akasa Air and the strategic plans of Air India have further added to the evolving dynamics of the sector. As the industry moves forward, it faces the crucial question of what lies ahead for Indian airlines.


Go First and Alliance Air


Go First, formerly known as Go Airlines, found itself in dire financial straits, leading to the airline filing for bankruptcy protection. The company has faced setbacks due to the grounding of its fleet, with faulty P&W engines being a major culprit. To revive its business, Go First needs to secure funds, and the appointment of an interim resolution professional highlights the urgency of the situation. The tribunal's decision to impose a moratorium on recoveries gives the airline some breathing room, but the path to recovery remains challenging.

Meanwhile, Alliance Air, now owned by AI Assets Holding Ltd (AIAHL), a special-purpose vehicle formed by the government, has received a much-needed equity infusion of Rs 300 crore. This move aims to mitigate the financial headwinds that have plagued the airline. The government's intervention is a testament to its commitment to supporting the aviation sector and ensuring the stability of key players.


Issues plaguing the sector

However, the industry has been grappling with a separate issue: grounded planes. The problem stems from the unreliable performance of P&W engines, which have forced several airlines to ground their aircraft. This issue has affected not only Go First but also IndiGo, India's largest carrier in terms of passenger volume. The dispute between Go First and P&W over engine replacement and maintenance arrangements has further escalated the situation. Despite P&W's claims that the engines are not defective, the financial burden on Go First has been significant, resulting in revenue losses and added expenses.

The grounding of planes has created a shortage, exacerbating the challenges faced by Indian airlines. With over 22% of the fleet grounded due to engine issues or maintenance work, the industry has had to explore alternatives such as wet leasing of aircraft to reduce disruptions. The impact of grounded planes is far-reaching, affecting not only domestic operations but also international carriers like Lufthansa, which had to temporarily ground a third of its Airbus A220 fleet in Zurich due to problems with P&W engines.


New players entry

Amidst these challenges, new players are entering the Indian aviation market. Akasa Air, a startup budget airline, plans to capitalize on the growing demand in the country and expand its operations domestically and internationally. The airline intends to place a substantial order for new narrowbody jets this year, joining the ranks of carriers looking to seize the opportunities presented by India's post-pandemic rebound.

In addition to the emergence of new players, Air India is making strategic moves to revamp its fleet and compete in both the domestic and international markets. The recent order of 470 jets, the largest by a single airline, showcases Air India's ambitions to modernize its aging fleet and cater to the increasing travel demand.


Potential Future

Looking ahead, the future of Indian airlines hinges on their ability to navigate these challenges and seize opportunities. The government's policy initiatives, such as promoting domestic manufacturing, facilitating MRO (Maintenance, Repair, and Overhaul) activities, and reducing GST on MRO services, are steps in the right direction. The industry's resilience and adaptability, coupled with the continued growth of air travel in India, present a promising outlook. However, careful planning, strategic partnerships, and effective management of operational hurdles will be crucial for Indian airlines to soar to new heights in the highly competitive aviation.


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